Istanbul, the most important metropolis in Turkey, is thought for a lot of issues: its unbelievable landmarks, rocking nightlife, historic significance, and the attractive relationship between town and its cats. Had been you stunned to study the final one? I used to be too!
A number of hundred thousand cats roam the streets of Turkey’s largest metropolis, and every appears to be as cared for because the people that stay there. Istanbul has an extended historical past of caring for its feline residents that goes approach again to town’s origin within the Ottoman Empire, so it is smart that the cats are so properly cared for.
Maintain studying to study extra about why cats are so extremely revered in Istanbul and what the residents do to make sure the well being of their strays.
The Historical past of Cats in Istanbul
Cats’ prevalence in Istanbul could also be related again to Ottoman occasions. The Ottoman Empire, also referred to as the Turkish Empire, managed many international locations in Europe, Asia, and Africa between the 14th and twentieth centuries. A lot of the houses constructed in these occasions had been fabricated from wooden, offering shelter and enabling the proliferation of mice and rats. And everybody is aware of the place there are mice, there are cats. So the presence of cats turned a necessity for town as a method of controlling the vermin inhabitants.
Why Are There Nonetheless So Many Cats in Istanbul?
It is smart that town’s cat inhabitants was excessive throughout the Ottoman Empire to regulate the mouse inhabitants. However why are there nonetheless so many within the metropolis in the present day?
There isn’t a lot of a tradition for spaying and neutering in Istanbul. Most stray cats will solely stay between three and 6 years, however the inhabitants continues to develop. Turkey additionally has a blanket no-kill, no-capture coverage, which can add to the cat inhabitants.
How Do Individuals in Istanbul Deal with Cats?
Istanbul’s avenue cats are a definite a part of everybody’s lives. An unstated rule for the residents of Istanbul is that they supply stray cats with the requirements of life—meals, shelter, and water. The general public gardens and parks have meals and water dishes for feline guests, and owners construct shelters for the strays so that they at all times have someplace protected and heat to sleep. Sadly, for the reason that inhabitants of cats remains to be rising within the metropolis, there aren’t sufficient little shelters to accommodate them.
One other unstated rule for town’s residents is that they view the strays as belonging to everybody and nobody concurrently. This ends in the cats having freedom and independence whereas guaranteeing they’ve meals, water, and shelter wherever they want it.
It’s common for cash in tip bins at eating places to go towards veterinary payments for sick animals or for fishermen to sneak an anchovy to one of many strays hanging out at his stand. Many Istanbulites really feel it’s their responsibility to look after the cats that hang around the place they stay and work.
Cats sit atop automobiles, nap on rooftops, and hand around in native eating places. I can’t think about a relationship like that with the stray cats I discover right here in Canada. Whereas I’d fortunately love any stray cat I see, I do know I’m within the minority. Our feral cats have little to no human interplay and aren’t thought-about communally-owned pets like these in Istanbul. Strays in North America are left on the streets within the chilly to fend for themselves. They’re checked out as diseased and undesirable.
Turkey’s new animal welfare legislation defines animals as dwelling beings, not commodities. Earlier laws punished cases of animal cruelty with small fines as animals had been seen as commodities (akin to the destruction of property). Now, individuals who kill, abuse, or torture animals will obtain jail time between six months to 4 years.
Cats & Islam
Turkey is a predominately Islamic nation, and Islam has lengthy revered the cat, so the nation isn’t distinctive amongst different primarily Muslim international locations. Cats are thought-about the quintessential pet by Muslims and are revered for his or her cleanliness in Islamic custom. Their ritual cleanliness permits them entry into houses and mosques.
Cats have lengthy been commemorated within the Islam faith. The Islamic prophet Muhammad prohibited folks from persecuting and killing cats, and his companion, Abu Hurayra, was identified for his attachment to cats. Abu Hurayra actually interprets to “Father of a Kitten”.
Muezza, a black and white Absynnian, was mentioned to be Muhammad’s favourite cat. Sooner or later as he was getting ready to attend prayer, he discovered Muezza catching a nap on the sleeve of his prayer gown. So as a substitute of disrupting her sleep, he minimize the sleeve off his gown so he wouldn’t disturb her.
Istanbul Cats in Pop Tradition
Istanbul’s cats are a well known phenomenon internationally.
There’s a documentary in regards to the stunning relationship between people and 7 of Istanbul’s most beloved metropolis cats. Kedi, a 2016 documentary, acquired crucial acclaim and was even named one in every of Time journal’s prime movies of 2017.
Gli, a European Shorthair cat, rose to fame for dwelling within the Hagia Sophia, a mosque and historic website in Istanbul. She turned well-known when former president Barack Obama visited the mosque in 2009 and was photographed petting her. Gli sadly handed away in 2020, however not earlier than gaining an Instagram following of 112,000.
The connection between Istanbul and its cats is a stupendous one. Take a go to to town, and also you’ll be amazed at what number of cats you come throughout. We may study one thing within the West about how one can deal with our unhoused cats and canine. We may deal with our strays with as a lot reverence and love as Istanbulites deal with theirs.
Featured Picture Credit score: Tom Prejeant, Unsplash
Cat mother to Ivy – a feisty little rescue kitten that’s her one and solely baby. For now! All through her life, she has been launched to the particular love that may be discovered within the bond with a cat. Having owned a number of felines, she is greater than sure that their love is unmatched, unconditional and in contrast to some other. With a ardour to coach the general public about every little thing, there’s to learn about felines, their conduct, and their distinctive personalities, Crystal is devoted to creating positive that each one cats and their homeowners know the significance of acutely aware dwelling – and loving!